Jesus is the second person of the Trinity, truly God and truly man.
The Holy Spirit is the third person of the Trinity. He is personal and not a force. He is a person who has intellect, emotions, and a will.
All people are guilty before God because of sin. Sin affects every part of our being so that we are without excuse.
At the heart and core of biblical Christianity lies the important teaching of the atonement made by Jesus Christ. The apostle Paul wrote: “For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures,” (1 Cor. 15:3). The gospel according to Paul included that he gave first place to the historical fact that the sinless, bodily resurrected Christ “died for our sins.”
God has always related to His people through grace. There is never anything we could have done to merit a relationship with Him. The covenants, promises made by God to His people, are gracious in nature. God graciously condescends to take us as His own.
Justification is the most crucial question in all of life and all of the Church, because the answer to that question has eternal implications, those being eternity in God’s presence or eternity under his severe judgment. We have to know what God says about this! How do we become legally right with God?